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Leik NP Exam Tips

Leik’s Exam Tips   Medication 1) Aspirin irreversibly suppresses platelet function for up to 7 days (due to irreversible acetylation). 2) Discontinue ASA if patient complains of tinnitus (possible aspirin toxicity). 3) For chronic use, the recommended dose is 81 mg/day (some exceptions exist). 4) Aspirin given post-MI or after a stroke/TIA is considered tertiary […]
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abd dx and tx plans nurs 623 essays

Acute Gastroenteritis Acute infection causing inflammation of the stomach and intestinal lining resulting in vomiting, diarrhea, and fever. Infection is by fecal-oral route or respiratory route. Pathogens invade the intestinal mucosa, resulting in a decreased area available for fluid absorption. Viruses (most common), bacteria, and parasites are responsible. Rotavirus most common in age <1 but […]
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nurs 623 mnemonics

MONA M-Morphine O-Oxygen N-Nitrates A-Aspirin (ASA) Description The treatment protocol for angina is morphine, oxygen, nitroglycerin, and aspirin. Morphine works to decrease pain and difficulty breathing, oxygen ensures that poorly oxygenated tissues receive the required oxygen, nitroglycerin is a potent vasodilator and aids in restoring oxygenation to tissues, aspirin helps to thin the blood and […]
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Humanitarian engineering: Are universities missing a trick?

Historically, students have sat comfortably into a socially conscious category as early adopters of change. They were one of the earliest to protest or tackle issues that impact their future, whether it’s war, civil rights, abortion, gender equality or the environment.
In many ways, the field of humanitarian engineering (HE) fits neatly into those principles — of challenging a problem and collectively devising a solution.
Shrewd design innovations to address international humanitarian needs are being developed all the time.
At universities, however, this field of engineering is still notably under-represented. Why?
Khanjan Mehta, founding director of the Humanitarian Engineering and Social Entrepreneurship programme at Penn State University and director of the Mountaintop Initiative at Lehigh University, USA, is an advocate for HE and has led various education programmes over the last decade.
“For students who want to leverage their engineering education to improve the human condition, HE provides a wonderful backdrop or focal area for their education,” he told Study International in an interview.
“It integrates a rigorous engineering education with a liberal arts education that involves a series of hands-on experiences in understanding problems faced by low and middle-income countries and allows you to actually co-create practical, sustainable, and scalable solutions.”
Going against tradition
In his book, “Solving Problems That Matter and Getting Paid for It,” Mehta discusses the value of this type of engineering from both an altruistic and economic vantage. He understands that traditionally, clear career pathways have often been more widely recognised and promoted for other engineering subjects.
“Humanitarian engineering by itself is not as exciting as integrating HE with social enterprise as the focus is then on doing, not just learning. The career pathways for mechanical, civil and petroleum engineers are well-defined and long understood,” he said.
“But, as career avenues for HE graduates become clearer and more apparent, I expect to see more and more HE programmes emerging — especially as a secondary degree to a traditional engineering discipline.”
However, Mehta implies it’s not for everyone and notes the core value to be the way in which an HE degree can alter a student’s approach to the world.
“I think you really need to enter humanitarian engineering with the right mind-set. While this is quickly changing, traditional engineering disciplines often fixate too much on engineering a widget or process in a specific setting.”
“This field,” says Mehta, “takes a fundamentally different human-centred and systemic approach on how you can help improve the quality of life for people by designing context-appropriate technology solutions.”
“There is this understanding that designing the technology is just five percent of the work. The other 95 percent involves a wide range of social, political, economic, environmental, legal considerations. It’s fundamentally about building and influencing complex systems,” he adds.
He describes a typical project led by his HE students at Lehigh that involved helping to lower maternal mortality rates in Sierra Leone.
The Ukweli Test Strips project conducted in West Africa involved students developing a simple, affordable medical test strip technology that can assess three parameters — leucocytes, nitrates, and protein.
It helps to screen for both UTIs and pre-eclampsia, which are things that can commonly endanger a pregnancy, especially in rural West African settings. These are all conditions that are easily treatable and manageable in many other countries but can be life-threatening in countries with poor healthcare systems.
He has many more examples of interesting projects his students have led.
At Lehigh, there is currently a programme called the Global Social Impact Fellowship (GSIF) to assist the transition from education to work. Selected undergraduate and graduate students go on faculty-guided fieldwork with local partners that address sustainable development challenges in low-income countries.
“The courses, workshops, retreats, and immersive experiences of this programme integrate experiential learning, research, and entrepreneurial engagement with students leading original and ambitious projects with in-country partners in diverse countries,” he explained.
“Through engaging in meaningful, authentic, and incredibly alive projects, fellows develop a mind that can solve complex societal challenges. They go on to build sustainable enterprises, publish their works in peer-reviewed journals, integrate insights into national policies and champion social movements that influence people’s lives.”
For Naakesh Gomanie, a GSIF HE student at Lehigh, the choice to enter this area of study was compounded by series of factors.
“When I got involved with this sector, I was really looking for something that bridged my interests of ethics, engineering, critical thinking, healthcare and doing things that actually mattered.”
Now specialising in systems engineering and global health, Gomanie adds that the course has played a greater role than expected: “I was drawn to HE because it brought a diverse, interdisciplinary set of players to the table to solve complex and dynamic issues. It has shaped my integrated degree but also helped me build my identity.
“For me, HE has been a nexus of experience learning, self-discovery and impact-oriented projects,” says Naakesh.
But, where are the courses?
Courses are limited but they are growing in number. At present, the vast majority of top HE courses are based in the US. Although Australia has also seen an increase in HE degree programmes at its universities due to rising demand from students over the last few years, particularly women.
In Europe, standout institutions offering HE degrees include the University of Warwick and University of Manchester in the UK. Italy and Sweden also offer distinct programmes.
While Mehta understands there is still room for more HE programmes at international higher education institutions, he adds there are plenty of high-quality programmes available for those truly passionate about pursuing the subject.
“A growing number of universities are now offering majors, minors, or certificates in this area. Instead of being fixated on the courses and certifications offered, I would encourage students to look under the hood and identify programmes that are moving beyond the learning about impact, to actually delivering sustainable impact,” he advised.
“Some of my favourite programmes in this space are offered at Johns Hopkins, UC Berkeley, Villanova, Oregon State, Penn State, and of course Lehigh. Ultimately, the value of an HE degree is not so much in preparing students for social impact-focused careers. It’s for the transferrable skills it builds in you, to take on all sectors of society.”
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NURS 6565 Week 3 Discussion Essay: Quality and Cost Measurements

Quality measures are important especially in the field of healthcare because it gives a direct and quantifiable measure of how well do the health systems provide care. Quality measures gives an exact and direct information while performance indicator provides indirect and interpretable data. Healthcare quality measures are based on reliable data and information that tells […]
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Nurs 6565 Week 3 Board Vitals Exam questions with answers

Week 3 Nurs 6565N Board Vitals Exam A nurse practitioner enters a contract with a physician. What type of law governs this type of interaction? Administrative law Civil law Rules and regulations Criminal law A young nursing student is interviewing a nurse practitioner about her profession. Which of the following is true? The first nurse […]
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Nurs 6565 Week 2 Board Vitals Exam

Nurs 6565N Week 2 Board Vitals Exam   A nurse practitioner enters a contract with a physician. What type of law governs this type of interaction? Administrative law Civil law Rules and regulations Criminal law A young nursing student is interviewing a nurse practitioner about her profession. Which of the following is true? The first […]
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LEIK FNP review

ANTIBIOTIC STUDY GUIDE     CEPHALOSPORINS (Category B) 1st Generation: cephalexin (Keflex) 2nd Generation: cefprozil (Cefzil), cefuroxime (Ceftin), cefaclor (Ceclor). 3rd Generation: IM ceftriaxone (Rocephin), cefdinir (Omnicef), cefixime (Suprax)   NOTE:Penicillin-allergic patients may be allergic to cephs. (cross-sensitivity). All antibiotics can cause Clostridium difficile overgrowth, pseudomembranous colitis,CDAD. Used for: strep throat, cellulitis, pneumonia, sinusitis, otitis […]
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Long Term Goals for Nurse Practitioner Student

NURS 6565 Week 1: Short and Long-Term Professional Goals Long Term Goals for Nurse Practitioner Student example essay Short term and long terms goals help the individual to motivate towards meetings the professional goals and gives a long term vision where one wanted to be. Nurse Practitioner education is highly competitive, and it is imperative […]
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For the class of coronavirus, here’s where to look for jobs

You’re probably anxious about graduating during a pandemic that is paralysing economies everywhere.
Oil prices are negative, companies are announcing pay cuts and unemployment is skyrocketing — it’s a gloomy time to be looking for jobs.
But there are still opportunities for soon-to-be graduates, if you know where to look. 
Startups may offer some respite for new graduates
According to reports, startups are hiring during this economic downturn.
For instance, Forbes reported that Jai Sajnani, a principal at venture capital firm New Enterprise Associates, had created a Google Forms database with available positions across various industries in the tech startup scene. 
The database contained 180 startups, and over 50 percent of all the listings are advertised by enterprise tech companies. 
These include a wide range of roles, from sales and marketing to engineering and design positions.
Make money with your language skills

“It gives me more human contact during this period of isolation.” Senior writer @yasmin_aky explores how you can learn a new language with a tutor during #COVID19 https://t.co/YNRJqq6UeA
— Study International (@Study_INTNL) April 6, 2020

Meanwhile, university students or graduates with a strong grasp of languages can also work as tutors on online tutoring platforms. 
In Ukraine, startup Preply — an online language tutoring platform — is thriving under these unprecedented circumstances.
Speaking to AFP, company CEO Dmytro Voloshyn said they are “in a favourable position” as many people are stuck at home due to COVID-19, and can thus spend more time honing their foreign language skills in self-isolation.
The platform connects aspiring language learners with tutors on their platform, who can hail from any part of the world. 
Since Ukraine went on lockdown in March to slow the pandemic, AFP said their 125 staff have been working at full capacity from home, while Voloshyn said the company is scrambling to hire 40 employees across its offices in Kiev and Barcelona.
Online proctoring companies are enjoying a boost in sales
University students are no longer taking their exams on campus, but online. Source: Frederikc Florin/AFP
As learning shifts online for many universities across the world, this calls for more online proctors — invigilator at a university or college examination — to facilitate online exams that cannot take place on campus.
This has led to a surge in sales for online proctoring companies. 
For example, ProctorU CEO Scott McFarland said the company — which specialises in online proctoring for tests and exams — has seen an influx of calls from universities. The pandemic has also led to a surge in hiring and a tremendous uptick in business in March, reported Birmingham Business Journal.
McFarland was quoted saying that the company has been seeing 100 to 200 leads a day for the past 15 days, and that they’ve added about 50 additional employees.
He added that the first indications of a looming wave came from the University of Sydney in Australia, which had around 1,000 students in China who would generally come to Australia for final exams. 
With travel restrictions in place, ProctorU began working with the school, discovering many more schools were in similar situations, said the report.
With many online proctoring companies available in the market, it can’t hurt for university students and soon to be graduates to explore what options are available with these companies.
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For the class of coronavirus, here’s where to look for jobs

 

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