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The twentieth century, part 2

1.   A repeated melodic and rhythmic figure in the lower register of the piano is typical of the Afro-Cuban […]

1.
 
A repeated melodic and rhythmic figure in the lower register of the piano is typical of the Afro-Cuban
dance music known as
A.
 
guaguancó.
B.
 
reggae.
C.
 
salsa.
D.
 
mambo.
2.
 
Aaron Copeland varies the _______ throughout his movement “Hoe-Down” to create variety.
A.
 
movements.
B.
 
theme.
C.
 
scene.
D.
 
orchestration.
3.
 
A musical style that combines traditional and modern elements is called
A.
 
exhibitionism.
B.
 
modernism.
C.
 
minimalism.
D.
 
postmodernism.
4.
 
The first African American to have a major opera performed by a major American opera company was
A.
 
Robert Johnson.
B.
 
William Grant Still.
C.
 
Scott Joplin.
D.
 
Langston Hughes.
5.
 
In the song “Tonight” from the musical West Side Story,
the composer distributed two basic melodies
among different characters to create a kind of _______, in which nothing disappears but new layers are
constantly introduced.
A.
 
dissonant form
B.
 
layered presence
C.
 
additive form
D.
 
consonant counterpoint
6.
 
A chromatic scale consists entirely of
A.
 
quarter steps.
B.
 
whole steps.
C.
 
half steps.
D.
 
tonal centers.
7.
 
The progression of four basic chords that was used in many popular songs of the 1950s and 1960s is
referred to as _______ chord progression.
A.
 
pop
B.
 
bebop
C.
 
vamp
D.
 
doo-wop
8.
 
The _______ is a xylophone-like instrument with tubular resonators under each bar.
A.
 
marimba
B.
 
suspended cymbal
C.
 
timbales
D.
 
conga
9.
 
John Cage’s Indeterminacy
is an example of _______ music.
A.
 
aleatory
B.
 
idiosyncratic
C.
 
silent
D.
 
achromatic
10.
 
Tamra says that the difference between an opera and a musical is that the opera includes more spoken
word than singing. Eduardo says that the musical contains singing with some spoken dialog. Who is correct
in citing the difference?
A.
 
Both Tamra and Eduardo
B.
 
Neither Tamra nor Eduardo
C.
 
Eduardo
D.
 
Tamra
11.
 
Einstein on a Beach
was a unique opera because it
A.
 
had no plot and very little singing.
B.
 
was written in Chinese.
C.
 
was exclusively recitative.
D.
 
had a single violinist.
12.
 
The type of music that blended the musical styles of jump blues and honky-tonk was
A.
 
jazz.
B.
 
Motown.
C.
 
hip hop.
D.
 
rock ‘n’ roll.
13.
 
Which of the following composers wrote the music for
West Side Story?
A.
 
George M. Cohan
B.
 
Jerome Kern
C.
 
Leonard Bernstein
D.
 
Cole Porter
14.
 
The musical movement that started in the mid-1960s on the West Coast was the _______ movement.
A.
 
rock
B.
 
folk
C.
 
psychedelic
D.
 
progressive
15.
 
Notes that begin a phrase before a downbeat are known as pick-up notes, or a/an
A.
 
shuffle groove.
B.
 
duck walk.
C.
 
call and response.
D.
 
anacrusis.
16.
 
_______ music is based on frequent repetition (with small variations) of a small musical idea.
A.
 
Atonal
B.
 
Minimalist
C.
 
Ostinato
D.
 
Rap
17.
 
Which of John Cage’s works is perceived by some to be a gimmick?
A.
 
Einstein on a Beach
B.
 
4’33”
C.
 
Illiac Suite
D.
 
Imaginary Landscape no. 4
18.
 
The musician who ushered in the twentieth-century era of virtuosic rock guitar playing was
A.
 
Jimi Hendrix.
B.
 
Chet Atkins.
C.
 
Chuck Berry.
D.
 
Brian Wilson.
19.
 
For the movie Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon,
Chinese-American _______ was enlisted to play the
cello to offset the Asian-sounding erhu.
A.
 
Yo-Yo Ma
B.
 
Tan Dun
 
C.
Ang Lee
D.
Xiaohui Ma
20.
The hand-clapping at the beginning of the song “Please Mr. Postman” is known as the
A.
hook.
B.
shuffle groove.
C.
ostinato.
D.
vamp.

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